Violence in California Correctional Facilities: An Empirical Examination of Sexual Assault


By Valerie Jenness, Cheryl L. Maxson, Kristy N. Matsuda, Jennifer Macy Sumner, Center for Evidence-Based Corrections, University of California Irvine

Inmate sexual assault is a public health and human rights issue as well as an administrative management problem in correctional facilities throughout the country.

This research was designed to contribute to a main goal of the Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 and the Sexual Abuse in Detention Elimination Act of 2005-to reduce sexual assault, including rape, in detention facilities in the U.S. This report draws on original self-report and institutional data to offer a systematic empirical assessment of inmate on-inmate sexual assault in California correctional facilities.

The study sheds insight into the contours of sexual assault in order to contribute to ongoing efforts to create viable interventions designed to prevent and respond to sexual assault in ways that are humane, effective, and constitutional.

Click here to read the entire report.


CALCASA provides leadership, vision and resources to rape crisis centers, individuals and other entities committed to ending sexual violence. CALCASA is committed to ending sexual violence through a multifaceted approach of prevention, intervention, education, research, advocacy and public policy. Through ongoing communication and meetings with constituents, CALCASA relays the challenges and successes of local work to the statewide and national levels and best practices, evidence-based and practice-based programs at the state and national levels to local constituents.

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